Forced begging is the most prevalent form of human trafficking in the West African nation of Senegal. Human Rights Watch now estimates that more than 100,000 talibés – children living in religious schools to learn the Quran – are being forced to beg for food or money every day.
Most live far away from home, sent by their parents to study the Quran and live under the care of marabouts, Quranic teachers who run the daara. The sad truth, however, is that many of these children end up living in squalor, without food, medical care or even a roof over their head, and many say they have lost all contact with their families.
The half-hour documentary focuses on Senegalese charity worker Issa Kouyate and his organisation Maison de la Gare. For more than a decade Kouyate has worked to save these boys and to change the mentality of the people who have allowed this abuse to become a part of Senegalese culture.
“People say human trafficking happens in the shadows. In Senegal, it’s not like that. In Senegal it’s so obvious, so out in the open. It’s shocking,” says Kouyate.
He adds: The marabout “is supposed to take care of them, but these boys are neglected, sometimes abused, sometimes exploited. The daara was supposed to teach children the Quran. But most of the daaras, are only teaching them how to get money from the streets. This is not learning Quran. This is just exploitation. It’s trafficking. It’s slavery.”
One marabout confirms to CNN that he encourages the children in his daara to beg: “Yes, they have to go beg. If not, we will never do anything, we can’t stop working, so we have to work from the kids. They have to go get money, get food and bring it.”
Kouyate says that if the talibés refuse to beg or do not make enough money, then they will be beaten by their marabouts. However, one marabout disputes this claim to CNN and says the boys are lying.
At the end of the documentary, CNN meets Khadim, one of the first boys rescued by Maison de la Gare. He had run away from his daara after suffering years of alleged abuse there. After several months of rehabilitation at Kouyate’s home, Khadim returned to his village to find his mother, who said she would never send him back to a daara away from home. Khadim is now a farmer, helping families in his village and finally living a happy, healthy life.